Electric vehicles are no different than electronic gadgets you use daily. Just like your mobile phone, the EV has a large lithium-ion battery that needs frequent charging. Just like the phone, there is not one EV plug type for every device. Battery Electric Vehicles and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles have distinct charging points just like the Android phones and Apple devices.
Based on the EV model, you will need an extra cable. Therefore when you go shopping for an EV charging cable on Jucer, it is essential to understand the different EV portable charger types.
Type 2 connector [Mennekes standard]
In the last decade, EV manufacturers include type 2 ports. The type 2 connector is used to charge via AC. Type 2 has seven pins and is circular. It makes use of three phases and can be used with AC output as well as with DC but needs a CCS connector.
Mennekes is a German Electronic Manufacturer that designed type 2 connector’s Mennekes. It is capable to charge EVs on AC up to 22.1 kW and on DC up to 350 kW safely.
AC charging time depends on public charging stations’ output rate and even the car’s AC and DC converting capacity. The majority of PHEVs have single-phase AC with a capacity of 7.2 kW speed, while the 3-phase AC with capacity ranging from 11 kW – to 22.1 kW speed.
Tesla connector is a little variation of Type 2 Mennekes connector. Tesla cars use a Type 2 outlet but its proprietary charging set-up locks out other users. Depending on the Tesla Station and Car the AC charging is up to 7.2 KW to 22 kW, while DC superchargers provide 250 kW of electricity but in Australia, this is restricted to 120 kW.
Type 1 connector [J1772]
The type 1 connector belongs to the American Standard EV plug and is even called the ‘J plug’. This connector is found in old cars like first-generation Holden Volt, Nissan Leaf, and Mitsubishi iMIEV. The J-plug in Australia is all AC with 7.2 kW output. There are some public charging stations, where J1772 connectors are available.
Spare cables and converters
When you buy an EV, there is a single cable that connects a standard wall socket at home to the car. Charging is too slow, especially when your EV has a large battery pack. Fortunately, public AC charging points are widely available. It allows you to charge quickly but the only issue is you need to carry your portable type 2 cable.
You can buy spare cable from 3rd parties online. Make sure to check the max kW and cable length. The extra cable can cost around $450 based on the type. Third parties even sell EV charging converters or adapters. For example, buy a type 2 to 1 adapter charging cable.
The J plug has been designed for wireless EV charging but the advanced technology is a little challenging for cars in comparison to mobile phones. The wireless charger has to be aligned precisely to function properly. For EVs wireless charger is less efficient than their cable counterparts.